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INTRODUCTION TO LIGHT THERAPY


LIGHT THERAPY HAS BEEN KNOWN FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS ...


Light therapy already has a very long history, since for thousands of years people all over the world have revered the importance of light for the normal functioning of the human body.

Introduction To Light Therapy

The first source of light used for medical treatments was sunlight. The use of sunlight for medical treatments is known as heliotherapy. The first anecdotal records indicate that the use of heliotherapy dates from about 1400 B.C. Hindus treated patients with skin disorders using different plants followed by exposure to sunlight. Hippocrates, who lived in the IV century B.C., recommended sunlight to treat a variety of diseases. Ancient Egyptian, Greek, Roman and Arab physicians integrated light therapy in general medical treatments. Although many ancient physicians believed that the therapeutic effect of sunlight was due to the heat of the sun, there was no scientific explanation for sunlight therapy at that time.

At the end of the 19th century, heliotherapy was recognised by many physicians. In 1903 in Leysin, Switzerland, Dr. Rollier opened the first hospital for the treatment of tuberculosis and rachitis with sun exposure. In 1914 he published a book “La Cure du Soleil”, in which he reported his results with heliotherapy.

“Open-air” exposure to natural sunlight was widely used for the treatment of wounds during the First World War (1914-1918) and the Second World War (1939-1945) in the United Kingdom, Italy, France and Germany.


A REVOLUTIONARY BREAKTHROUGH IN LIGHT THERAPY AND BIOPTRON


From Heliotherapy To Phototherapy And A Nobel Prize In Medicine


Important therapeutic effects of sunlight prompted many researchers to develop and use filtered solar radiation and artificial light sources. Thus, phototherapy had become an alternative to heliotherapy.

In 1893, the Danish physician Niels Ryberg Finsen developed one of the first devices capable of producing technically synthesized “sunlight”. There are clear advantages of technically synthesized light: parameters such as intensity and emitted light spectrum are controllable. In the period from 1895 to 1903, he treated more than 950 patients with lupus vulgaris (tuberculosis of the skin) using filtered, technically synthesized “sunlight”.

Introduction To Light TherapyIn 1903 he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine for his research in light therapy and exceptional therapeutic results. Dr. Finsen hence is considered to be the founder of modern light therapy (Publication 1).

At the beginning of the development of photomedicine, mostly infrared and ultraviolet parts of the spectrum were used in light therapy. In early 1980s, a team of scientists developed the idea of creating a light source that is originally based on laser technology but works with almost the whole range of visible light and a portion of infrared light (Publication 2).

The polarization of light was considered an important parameter responsible for biostimulative effects (Publication 3). The BIOPTRON Light Therapy System was designed based on this technology.

HOME I PRODUCT INFORMATION I INTRODUCTION TO LIGHT THERAPY

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